Tag: "enhase micro-inverters"

06/11/15

  06:41:00 pm, by Laurel Hamilton   , 754 words  
Categories: All About Solar Power, Commercial Solar, Residential Solar

Roofing reality check. Top 3 considerations for solar

So, you are considering a solar power system for your home or business… and why not, given the myriad of social, environmental and economic benefits! But how do you know if your roof is a good candidate? This is one of the top questions to consider carefully before investing in solar. 

Many faces can make layout challenging.1. Do I have enough space?

The size of your solar system is dependent on your usage needs and the amount you want to offset. However, it is not uncommon to find homes and businesses which are “footprint-constrained” - meaning their system size is limited by the space available.

A few things to keep in mind as you look at your roof and ponder how big is big enough… First, while there are many different solar panels they are typically the same size. Run on Sun uses LG panels which are about 65 x 40 inches and can be placed in either a portrait or landscape layout. Panel energy ratings vary, 285-315 watt panels are currently available from LG. For an average home (5 kW) that means you would need around 16-18 panels to offset the bulk of your electricity.

Another limitation is that fire code requires three feet of clear space from all ridges. If you have an irregular shaped roof with many valleys and peaks it may make the layout very challenging. Given that the panels are rectangular and racking is mounted parallel to the roof, rectangular spaces are ideal. However, the 3-foot rule does not apply to uninhabited spaces such as garages and carports making them good options if your home lacks the perfect solar roof. 

Trees can shade your roof and degrade your solar panel output.

 

2. What if my roof is shaded?

Shading from trees, tall buildings, chimneys, or even parapets on flat roofs can significantly degrade the energy output from solar panels. Sometimes all that needs to be done is a generous trimming of that tree that’s gotten a little out of control over the years. Other times it means you really won’t get your money’s worth out of a solar system. But, if the shade elements are few and only during a short time each day, your roof may still be a viable candidate.

If this is the case be sure to talk to your solar contractor about inverters. We have written a great deal about the advantages of “microinverters” in handling shaded roofs, particularly those made by Enphase Energy.  “String inverters” on the other hand would be a bad choice as the entire system would degrade when any single panel is shaded. 

 

3. Should I re-roof my house before adding a solar system?

This may be the most important and frequently overlooked question to consider when researching if solar is right for you. Part of what makes solar a great investment is the 25+ year lifetime of the system. But if you have to re-roof during that time there are added costs to remove and re-install the system. If you are planning to re-roof during the lifetime of your solar array be sure you select components, such as the racking system, from companies that…A. will still be around 15-25 years later, and B. will be able to provide compatible replacement parts when pieces are lost during removal and re-installation. Avoid newer companies testing out “state-of-the-art” racking systems and cheap companies banking on the solar boom alone.

For this reason we always ask owners the age of their roof. In southern California, a roof over ten years old should get a makeover before installing solar. If you are unsure of the condition, it is a good idea to have a professional roofer take a look and give you an expert opinion. Sometimes solar contractors can offer this as part of their free assessment. (Run on Sun works with a very reliable roofer who is happy to take a look at any roof in question!) If the roof still has some life left in it but not enough to outlast the solar system you could re-roof only the area where the solar array will cover and plan to do the rest later. An added benefit is that the solar panels will actually protect your roof from the elements, helping it to last longer.

 

Unfortunately, you will likely be able to find someone willing to put solar on your roof even if it isn’t a good candidate. But if they aren’t discussing the above issues with you, then red flags should be flying! To ensure you get the best investment possible, do your research, take a good long look at your roof, and discuss all of your concerns with your solar contractor. 

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05/04/12

  08:15:00 am, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 1096 words  
Categories: Commercial Solar, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

On the Ground - Installing Solar at Westridge - Part 3

In parts 1 and 2 of this series, we documented what went into securing the rebate reservation and the process by which we secured our permits.  Now the actual work could begin - and that work starts on the ground.  So in this Part 3, we will look at the staging that was required for this production and take a close-up look at some of the heavy lifting that was needed far below the array itself.

A project the size of what we were going to install at Westridge - 52.3kW - involves thousands of parts, all of which not only must go together properly for the system to work and be safe, but they must arrive in a timely fashion!  For example, here’s just a sample of the parts that were needed for this job: hundreds of FastFoot plates, thousands of screws, hundreds of flashings, standoffs, and flange connectors, dozens of rail sections, mid-clamps, end-clamps, ground lugs and splices, to say nothing of 209 micro-inverters and solar panels!  Collectively these products came from five different distributors in four different states.

Needless to say, not everything goes as smoothly as you might like when you are pulling together all of these pieces.  UPS likes to brag about Logistics, but we found some of their logistics to be highly illogical.  Such as their sending two shipments that were sitting in an LA warehouse on a frolic and detour down to San Diego for the weekend, instead of driving them the twelve miles up the road to our job site!

boom liftEqually baffling were the folks who delivered our boom lift to the job site late on a Friday evening without even a phone call and just parked it out on the street - in front of a No Parking sign!

Seriously…

Would you leave this…

 

No parking!

Here?  Right - neither would we!  (And yes, the keys were in it!) The unscripted appearance of our boom lift prompted a puzzled call from the facilies director at Westridge:

Brian: “Were you folks expecting a boom lift to be delivered?”

RoS: “Yes, they are delivering it tomorrow morning.”

Brian: “Well, it’s here - and they left it on the street next to a No Parking sign.”

RoS: (Eek!) - “Really?  We’ll be right there!”

Like I said, not everything can go exactly as planned, but soon enough, everything arrived and in good condition.

Our staging area was set with:

LG solar panels in staging area

LG Solar Panels

Enphase micro-inverters in staging area

Enphase Micro-inverters

Unirac rails in staging area

Unirac Solarmount (Evolution) racking parts

Lots of wire!

And lots of wire!

Transformation

Our first main task on the ground, now that everything was at hand, was to install our transformer.  This project required a transformer to step-down the voltage from the utility service (480 volts, three-phase) to the voltage that would be used by our micro-inverters (208 volts, three-phase).

Setting the Stage

Westridge transformerOur transformer was a 700 lb beast that had to be installed on a concrete pad (that we had to pour) in the equipment storage area on the East side of the building.  To secure the transformer to the pad, we would imbed bolts into the pad and then maneurver the transformer on top of the bolts and anchor it with washers and nuts.  Two key challenges there - first was to guarantee that our bolts were precisely positioned in the pad since the transformer gave us very little margin for error.  Second was to get the transformer in place on top of the bolts without damaging them.

pad prepWe solved the first problem by drilling into the existing concrete and securing our bolts into the ground with heavy duty anchors - as you see here with the framework for the pad surrounding them.

Then, when we were ready to fill in the form with concrete, we added some framing at the top to try and keep the bolts as plumb as possible, as you see here:

concrete being added for pad

The Big (Not So) Easy

That took care of problem number one, but what to do about problem number two? Now that the pad was dry, the challenge became getting our transformer into place.

ready for the transformer

Our solution would make any student of ancient cultures proud - we crafted a wooden platform over the pad and slid the transformer from its pallet onto the platform.  Then we lifted each edge, one at a time, and placed blocks of wood under each corner.  That allowed us to remove the platform and then begin lowering the transformer over the bolts by carefully removing a block at each corner.

Very little margin for errorAs we removed each block, the transformer came closer to the bolts protruding from the pad.  We could push the transformer - gently - so that it aligned with the bolts.  Ultimately, the last block was removed and the result was a complete success with just the right amount of angst along the way!

But as you can see, we really didn’t have much margin for error!

The Art of Conduit

In addition to our transformer, there were several other pieces of gear that had to be mounted on the ground including a 200 Amp sub-panel, two disconnect switches and a performance meter.  Linking them all together is the conduit through which our conductors would be pulled.

The art of running conduitPasadena requires rigid metal conduit (instead of EMT) to be used for solar power systems wherever it is accessible on the outside of a building.  That offers some additional safety, but it comes at a cost - especially given that we were using 1.25″ conduit for most of our runs.  Rigid conduit of that dimension is heavy and cannot be bent by hand.  Instead, a motorized pipe bender was the order of the day - and it took some really skilled craftsman named Don and Josh to get our conduit in place and looking good.

It really is an art, as much as a science, and when done with care and precision, the result is quite appealing!

Pulling it Together

Our final ground-based task was to pull the conductors through the conduits.  Our longest pull was 245′ - not quite a football field, but close!  Moreover, that longest pull had multiple bends as we routed the conduit to make it as invisible from the ground as possible.  (To complete the task of making the conduit “disappear” to the greatest extent possible, the client painted the conduit to match the walls and the trim!)

At the end of a very long, drizzly Saturday, we were rewarded with having our conductors fully in place from the utility disconnect switch and performance meter socket:

utility disconnect and performance meter socket

… to our disconnect switch adjacent to the transformer:

transformer disconnect

Our penultimate installment will take you to the roof where the real action takes place.  So buckle in, the next chapter isn’t for the faint of heart!

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Jim Jenal is the Founder & CEO of Run on Sun, Pasadena's premier installer and integrator of top-of-the-line solar power installations.
Run on Sun also offers solar consulting services, working with consumers, utilities, and municipalities to help them make solar power affordable and reliable.

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