Category: "Westridge PAC Project"


  04:37:00 pm, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 228 words  
Categories: All About Solar Power, PWP Rebates, PWP, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

Westridge Chooses Run on Sun for 54kW Solar Project

We are very pleased to report that one of the premier schools in Pasadena - or pretty much anywhere for that matter - the Westridge School for Girls has just selected Run on Sun to design and install a 54 kW solar power system on the Fran Norris Scoble Performing Arts Center.

PAC Roof - solar panels will bloom here in the spring!
Come the Spring, Solar Panels will bloom here!

It is very gratifying to have been chosen over some tough competition for this project, particularly given the School’s well-established commitment to sustainability.  Indeed, just last year Westridge dedicated a new science building which has received the coveted, but very rare, LEED Platinum designation.  Now as part of Westridge’s plan to “green” all of the campus, the 54 kW solar power system will be another dramatic step in that direction.

Even better, since the project will use Enphase micro-inverters, the students from grades 4-12 will be able to study the performance of the system right down to the individual panel level.  We look forward to working with the Westridge faculty and administration as they teach their students about the difference that solar power can make in their lives.

At Run on Sun we have a special place in our hearts for working with non-profits and we would love to help your non-profit add solar too!

Our press release announcing Westridge’s selection of Run on Sun for this solar power project is available here.



  02:02:00 pm, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 178 words  
Categories: Commercial Solar, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

Solar Spring has Sprung!

Last December we were pleased to announce that Run on Sun had been chosen by the Westridge School for Girls to install a solar power system on the school’s Performing Arts Center. At the time we proclaimed, “Come the Spring, Solar Panels will bloom here!” as the caption to this photo of the building’s roof:

PAC Roof - solar panels will bloom here in the spring!

Well here it is, Easter Sunday, and we are pleased to report that the promise has been fulfilled.  Here’s the view from roughly that same spot today:

Solar panels on the Performing Arts Center at the Westridge School for Girls

Needless to say, a project of this size does not happen overnight, nor is it the effort of any one individual.  So, over the next couple of weeks, we will be bringing you a multi-part series documenting how this project came together.  The series will culminate in another Run on Sun video featuring client interviews and even some observations from the students of Westridge about what this means to them.

Spring is indeed a time for new beginnings - and some successful endings!  We look forward to sharing this adventure with you and we welcome your comments.


  08:14:00 am, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 1194 words  
Categories: PWP Rebates, PWP, Commercial Solar, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

Installing Solar at Westridge - Part 1

In November of 2011, Run on Sun was hired by Westridge School for Girls to install a 54 kW solar system on the roof of the school’s Fran Norris Scoble Performing Arts Center (the “PAC” as it is known on campus), and that project was just recently completed.  This multi-part series will document the process by which we went from a signed contract to a signed-off solar power system.  Not surprisingly, there were a few twists and turns along the way that had to be resolved before we could deliver a successful project, and this series will showcase those developments in the following five parts:

Part 1 - The Rebate Application (this post)

Part 2 - The Permit Process

Part 3 - On the Ground

Part 4 - On the Roof

Part 5 - Putting it All Together

The Rebate Application

The rebates being offered from Pasadena Water & Power (PWP) for this non-profit project were scheduled to step-down on December 1, 2011.  Indeed, this was a substantial rebate reduction - 26% - such that failure to secure the existing rebate rates would have amounted to a hit of tens of thousands of dollars for our client.  And PWP had made it very clear - unless applications were 100% complete and correct, they would be rejected and when resubmitted would be subject to the reduced rebate rates.  Clearly the pressure was on to get this right the first time!

The application package consisted of eight parts - most of which were straight-forward, but a couple required substantial work to guarantee that the application as submitted would be acceptable the first time.  Here are the parts that went into the rebate application: 1) Signed Rebate Application (PWP’s form, signed by client and Run on Sun under penalty of perjury!); 2) Single Line Diagram for the electrical components of the system (more on this below); 3) Site Plan; 4) CSI Report (as produced by the California Solar Initiative’s rebate calculator); 5) Shading Analysis (i.e., a Solar Pathfinder report to support the shading values used to create the CSI Report); 6) PWP’s Net Metering Agreement (executed by the client); PWP’s Net Metering Surplus Compensation form (for AB 920 compliance); and 8) Installation Contract between the client and Run on Sun.  Also, since this was a non-profit client, proof of non-profit status was also required.

Shading Analysis & CSI Report

Westridge pathfinder reportPWP wisely requires the submission of a shading analysis in addition to the output from the CSI rebate calculator.  Since the amount of shading at the site directly impacts the performance of the system - and hence the CSI AC Watts of the system (or the predicted annual energy output in the case of a PBI rebate) - it really doesn’t make sense for a utility to simply trust that the installer is telling the truth about shading.

The output from the Solar Pathfinder proves that the shading numbers claimed are the shading values present at the site.

Site Plan

The site plan needed for the rebate application is a much simpler plan than what will ultimately be required for the permit, really only requiring an indication of where the various components of the system will be relative to the overall site.   However, our system occupies three different areas of the PAC: the roof where the array itself is located, a ground-level storage area where our step-up transformer will be, and the utility switchgear, located on the far north end of the building.  Thus our site plan included drawings for each location.

Array layoutThe array drawing showed the three sub-arrays and the clear space allocated for fire department access.  Each sub-array consisted of three branch circuits, each of which was “center-tapped” to reduce the voltage drop in the associated branch circuits.  Each branch circuit landed at a sub-array service panel which then fed a master “solar-only” sub-panel in the transformer area.

Westridge transformerThe transformer area drawing detailed the conduits coming down off the roof (one each from each sub-array sub-panel), the master sub-panel which feeds our step-up transformer (to change the 208 VAC three-phase power coming from the roof to 480 VAC three-phase supplied by the utility service) and then a safety disconnect switch located adjacent to the transformer.  From the safety switch a fourth conduit carries the required conductors back across the roof to our service switchgear area.

Service switchgear drawingThe service panel area drawing showed the placement of our lockable PV AC Disconnect, the associated performance meter, and our circuit breaker for the system located in the existing service switchgear.

Single Line Diagram

Our most significant deliverable in the rebate application packet was the single line diagram (SLD) for the electrical circuits.   Since this diagram shows how all of the electrical components of the power generating system interconnect - including the tie into the utility’s grid - we knew that this would be the most closely scrutinized piece of the submission.  To be sure, PWP has a generic SLD that installers can use (in fact, we helped develop it!) but that drawing does not cover the use of Enphase Micro-inverters which we were featuring on this job, nor does it allow for a step-up transformer.

Single line drawing for Westridge projectFortunately, we had developed a very flexible SLD format from prior jobs that we could readily adapt for this project.  However, before we submitted it to PWP, we forwarded it to the application engineers at Enphase Energy to make sure that they were comfortable with what we had designed.  Enphase was more than accomodating - given our tight time frame they bumped us to the front of their engineering review queue and came back promplty with the good news - the design was good as we had drawn it and no revisions were needed.  Of course, that was no guarantee that the utility would agree, but it is always nice to have a P.E. on your side!

Included in the SLD preparation was a complete set of voltage drop calculations.  This was complicated by the fact that we had 9 different branch circuits, three different sub-panels and two different operating voltages!  Good design calls for limiting total voltage drop to less than 3%.  To keep our worst case scenario within that limitation (covering the branch circuit farthest from the main “solar-only” sub-panel) we ended up with 4 different gauge sizes of conductors at different legs of the run: #12 in the branch circuit cables (supplied by Enphase), #8 from branch circuit jbox to sub-array sub-panel, #2 from sub-panel to main “solar-only” sub-panel, #3/0 from that sub-panel to the transformer and then #2 from the transformer back to the service equipment area.  (One change that occurred during the install process increased the length of some of these runs - and that necessitated some wire size changes to insure that we stayed comfortably below our 3% limit.  Those will be discussed in future episodes.)

One Big Present

All of those documents, plus pages and pages of cut sheets describing all of the key products being used, were then submitted to PWP - one day before the deadline!  With no margin for error, our submission had to be perfect.  Thankfully, it was - PWP gave us their official blessing to proceed three weeks later, just three days before Christmas.  One big present, indeed.

Our first hurdle successfully surmounted, it was time to prepare for the most nerve wracking part of the process - pulling the permits!  That’s the subject of our next installment - stay tuned!

  08:14:00 am, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 1972 words  
Categories: PWP Rebates, PWP, Commercial Solar, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

The Permit Process - Installing Solar at Westridge - Part 2

In Part 1 of this series about Installing Solar at Westridge School, we looked at the process of putting our materials together for the rebate application.  With the rebate safely reserved, it was time to turn to pulling the permits for the job.  A solar project of this size involves two separate permits - building and electrical - but four points of inspection - fire, electrical, building, and utility.  We had already provided the utility, PWP, with the materials they needed but now we needed to load up for the permit center.

Assembling the Necessary Materials

The permit process addresses an entirely different need than does the rebate application.  The permit process is intended to guarantee that the proposed system, as designed, satifsfies all applicable codes and standards.  In theory, once you have successfully pulled the permit, the inspection process should simply be a matter of showing the inspector that you built the system as it was approved when you pulled the permit.

Westridge PAC roof - before solar installation
It looks conventional enough!

This project presented one signficant challenge - the actual attachment of the system supports to the roof.  While the roof looked conventional enough, that was not a wooden truss underneath those shingles.  To the contrary, our roof was built from a 20 gauge “Type B” steel deck with two layers of 5/8″ plywood, followed by 3″ of solid foam insulation, followed by 3/4″ of plywood to which the roofing materials themselves - membrane, felt and shingles - were attached.  So the question arose: what would be a sufficient way to attach our standoffs to this roof to provide the requisite resistance to wind loads - the effect of which had recently been demonstrated in Pasadena in such a disastrous fashion?

Unirac Fastfoot Attachment

To help answer that question we turned to the structural engineer (SE) who had originally done the load calcuations for our building.  Could we use a “FastFoot” and simply put multiple screws into the wooden decking materials?  Surely with enough screws - the FastFoot will allow for up to eight - we could reach the required pull-out resistance.  Unfortunately, that wouldn’t work since the engineer could not guarantee the manner  by which the plywood materials were secured to the underlying steel deck.  In other words, while we could be sure that our array would remain attached to the plywood, we couldn’t be sure that the plywood would remain attached to the building!  Images of Wizard of Oz roofs flying through the air filled my mind - clearly we would need another way!

The engineer suggested that we could use carriage bolts that ran all the way through the steel roof and were bolted together on the back side.  Certainly such an approach would guarantee that our array and the roofing materials stayed connected, and indeed, you would have to separate the steel deck from the steel framework of the building for that method to fail.  Unfortunately, that wouldn’t work either since there was no way to access the back side of the roof in order to complete the connection.

“Nine-Inch Nails” Meet 8-Inch Screws!

concealor screw

There was one other approach - a company by the name of Triangle Fasteners sells some very strong, very long, self-tapping screws (called “Concealor screws“) that could drill their way into the steel deck and provide us with the required pull-out resistance. The bad news - our distributors only sold screws up to 7″ long - and that would not be long enough to guarantee that our screws made it through the decking. A call to the manufacturer revealed that in fact, they did make 8″ screws, they even made 9″ screws!  Excellent!  We now had a solution that our SE could bless.  It was time to go pull our permits.

Fear and Loathing at the Permit Center

Anyone who has ever pulled a permit knows the combination of emotions that you encounter upon entering the building: fear that something you haven’t considered will suddenly become A Really Big Deal, loathing for the interminable waiting, and of course, the pain of paying for it all.  Dentists’ waiting rooms tend to be cheerier places.

Pasadena’s permit center is certainly better than most: it is a comfortable old building across the street from the beautiful City Hall.  They have a clever scheduling system that routes you among the different windows: Building and Safety, Zoning, Historical Preservation (very big in Pasadena but not a factor for solar projects), Fire, Permit Processing and, last but certainly not least, the Cashier.  A solar project applicant must navigate their paperwork through every one of those windows before exiting with your Grail - a stamped set of plans and a bright Yellow permit folder where inspection sign-offs will be recorded.

First stop - Building and Safety.

Building and Safety

The building and safety folks are responsible for reviewing your plans for conformity with state and local codes and standards - a really important task.  First, however, you have to speak with someone who knows what you are showing them and on our first trip to the permit center, no such person could be found!  The gentleman behind the B&S desk was very polite, and you could tell that it pained him to inform us that after our thirty minute wait, he couldn’t help us.  Moreover, none of the people who “understood solar” were available - we would have to come back tomorrow.

Tomorrow dawned cloudy but we were determined to press forward.  This time our 35 minute wait was rewarded with an appearance before someone who was prepared to pass judgment on our plans!  We walked him through each of our sixteen 24″ x 36″ pages, explaining as we went exactly what we were doing and where the answers to his questions could be found.

All seemed fine, but then he started throwing us some curves.

Our SE had done his calculations for a basic wind speed of 85 mph - the same wind speed we had always used for load calculations in Pasadena.

“No,” said the man behind the desk, “You have to use 100 mph.”

“Really?  Since when?”

“Since the windstorm in Pasadena at the end of November,” we were told. (Never mind that the wind speed never reached 85 mph in Pasadena, let along 100 mph, during that terrible event.)

“Really?  Where was that published?”

“It wasn’t,” he conceded, but simply told us that we needed to revise our calculations for 100 mph or he wouldn’t approve them.  That meant another iteration with our SE and another trip back to the permit center.

Now the good news here is that we were certain that our system would easily handle 100 mph winds (or 120 mph, for that matter) so this change in policy did not pose a danger to the project going forward.  But changing the basic wind speed for an area from 85 to 100 mph is something of a big deal and will add to the expense of many projects that need permitting.  Shouldn’t there be a more public process before such a change is implemented?

The other curve sent our way was really just odd.

We did a detailed drawing showing our attachment method as it penetrated the various layers of roofing materials and made contact with the steel deck beneath.  We drew that straight up on the page and included multiple elevations  in our sixteen pages that showed the pitch of the roof and indicated that the array was installed on top of our attachment method, parallel to the roof.

“Not good enough,” we were told.

“Why?  What’s missing?”

“You need to show the attachment at the slope of the roof.”

“Really?  We show you the slope of the roof, we gave you the detail of how the attachment connects to the roof and we told you that the array is parallel to the roof.  How is that not sufficient?”

“You need to add a drawing that shows the array attachment and which reflects the slope of the roof.”

“Really?  So what you want is for me to rotate the image of our attachment 13° to reflect how it will be pitched on the roof?”


Sigh.  Ok, back to the drawing board (or more accurately, the computer screen).

Fortunately, our SE was able to redo his calculations in short order.  And not surprisingly, it was also pretty easy to take our attachment image and rotate it.  We printed up the revised plans and headed back to the permit center.

Surprise - there was yet another person behind the counter this time.  Whereas his predecessor seemed to be actively looking for little things to complain about, this fellow could not have been more helpful. He looked at our revised load calculations - veryifying that they had been done for 100 mph and that the SE had concluded that all was well - and then proceeded to stamp our plans.  (I had pointed out our added, rotated drawing, but it was clear that he wasn’t interested in that at all.)  After he stamped our plans, he then took them himself to the zoning and historical preservation desks and secured those sign-offs as well! Wow!  He saved us an hour of waiting in those queues and he seemed genuinely helpful and concerned.  What a pleasant contrast!  We were well on our way with just one real substantive hurdle remaining - the Fire department.


The California State Fire Marshall developed a set of guidelines that provide guidance as to how fire departments should permit and inspect solar installations.  The guidelines call for space to be set aside for pathways around the array and for venting of smoke in case of a fire.  The guidelines call for different restrictions based on the size and shape of the roof and whether it is a residential or commercial building.

(While the document from the Fire Marshall is labeled “guidelines", most localities seem to treat it as gospel.  Even more curious, the guidelines clearly say that they are just that, guidelines that do not have the force of law until a local jurisdiction passes an ordinance adopting the guidelines as regulations.  We have yet to see such an ordinance.)

Our building plan included a three-foot set aside around both sides of the array and from the ridge, and was augmented by automatic smoke ventillation devices already built into the roof.  But that was not sufficient - the fire official wanted us to provide a four-foot clearance on all three sides.  Yet another trip to the computer.

We returned with our revised drawing, showing four feet of clearance as requested.  But now there was another concern - the same fire official now wanted us to open a walkway in the middle of the array.  (We already had access paths for potential maintenance, but they were not wide enough to be considered a walkway.)  No matter that our roof was not at all like the flat roof with parapet shown in the guidelines, we still needed to provide a walkway.  There was only one way to do that - take out a column of panels.  Together we X-ed out seven panels and thereby created a walkway.  The fire official was now satisfied - she signed off on our plans.


And just like that, we were done.  Well, not quite - there was still the little matter of paying for all this.  Here we made out surprisingly well.  Unlike some cities that gouge solar applicants (and you know who you are!), Pasadena’s fees were quite reasonable.  Total cost for our now 52.25kW solar project?  $732.  Sadly, we know of residential projects one tenth that size in other cities where the permit fees have exceeded $1,000!  (But that’s a story for another day.)

Altogether, it took us four separate trips to the permit center, three plan revisions, and a little over $900 in expenses to secure our permit.

Now all we needed to do was get the materials to the job site on time, and complete the installation in the two week window that we had to mesh with the School’s schedule.  The real work was about to begin…

  08:15:00 am, by Jim Jenal - Founder & CEO   , 1096 words  
Categories: Commercial Solar, Non-profit solar, Westridge PAC Project

On the Ground - Installing Solar at Westridge - Part 3

In parts 1 and 2 of this series, we documented what went into securing the rebate reservation and the process by which we secured our permits.  Now the actual work could begin - and that work starts on the ground.  So in this Part 3, we will look at the staging that was required for this production and take a close-up look at some of the heavy lifting that was needed far below the array itself.

A project the size of what we were going to install at Westridge - 52.3kW - involves thousands of parts, all of which not only must go together properly for the system to work and be safe, but they must arrive in a timely fashion!  For example, here’s just a sample of the parts that were needed for this job: hundreds of FastFoot plates, thousands of screws, hundreds of flashings, standoffs, and flange connectors, dozens of rail sections, mid-clamps, end-clamps, ground lugs and splices, to say nothing of 209 micro-inverters and solar panels!  Collectively these products came from five different distributors in four different states.

Needless to say, not everything goes as smoothly as you might like when you are pulling together all of these pieces.  UPS likes to brag about Logistics, but we found some of their logistics to be highly illogical.  Such as their sending two shipments that were sitting in an LA warehouse on a frolic and detour down to San Diego for the weekend, instead of driving them the twelve miles up the road to our job site!

boom liftEqually baffling were the folks who delivered our boom lift to the job site late on a Friday evening without even a phone call and just parked it out on the street - in front of a No Parking sign!


Would you leave this…


No parking!

Here?  Right - neither would we!  (And yes, the keys were in it!) The unscripted appearance of our boom lift prompted a puzzled call from the facilies director at Westridge:

Brian: “Were you folks expecting a boom lift to be delivered?”

RoS: “Yes, they are delivering it tomorrow morning.”

Brian: “Well, it’s here - and they left it on the street next to a No Parking sign.”

RoS: (Eek!) - “Really?  We’ll be right there!”

Like I said, not everything can go exactly as planned, but soon enough, everything arrived and in good condition.

Our staging area was set with:

LG solar panels in staging area

LG Solar Panels

Enphase micro-inverters in staging area

Enphase Micro-inverters

Unirac rails in staging area

Unirac Solarmount (Evolution) racking parts

Lots of wire!

And lots of wire!


Our first main task on the ground, now that everything was at hand, was to install our transformer.  This project required a transformer to step-down the voltage from the utility service (480 volts, three-phase) to the voltage that would be used by our micro-inverters (208 volts, three-phase).

Setting the Stage

Westridge transformerOur transformer was a 700 lb beast that had to be installed on a concrete pad (that we had to pour) in the equipment storage area on the East side of the building.  To secure the transformer to the pad, we would imbed bolts into the pad and then maneurver the transformer on top of the bolts and anchor it with washers and nuts.  Two key challenges there - first was to guarantee that our bolts were precisely positioned in the pad since the transformer gave us very little margin for error.  Second was to get the transformer in place on top of the bolts without damaging them.

pad prepWe solved the first problem by drilling into the existing concrete and securing our bolts into the ground with heavy duty anchors - as you see here with the framework for the pad surrounding them.

Then, when we were ready to fill in the form with concrete, we added some framing at the top to try and keep the bolts as plumb as possible, as you see here:

concrete being added for pad

The Big (Not So) Easy

That took care of problem number one, but what to do about problem number two? Now that the pad was dry, the challenge became getting our transformer into place.

ready for the transformer

Our solution would make any student of ancient cultures proud - we crafted a wooden platform over the pad and slid the transformer from its pallet onto the platform.  Then we lifted each edge, one at a time, and placed blocks of wood under each corner.  That allowed us to remove the platform and then begin lowering the transformer over the bolts by carefully removing a block at each corner.

Very little margin for errorAs we removed each block, the transformer came closer to the bolts protruding from the pad.  We could push the transformer - gently - so that it aligned with the bolts.  Ultimately, the last block was removed and the result was a complete success with just the right amount of angst along the way!

But as you can see, we really didn’t have much margin for error!

The Art of Conduit

In addition to our transformer, there were several other pieces of gear that had to be mounted on the ground including a 200 Amp sub-panel, two disconnect switches and a performance meter.  Linking them all together is the conduit through which our conductors would be pulled.

The art of running conduitPasadena requires rigid metal conduit (instead of EMT) to be used for solar power systems wherever it is accessible on the outside of a building.  That offers some additional safety, but it comes at a cost - especially given that we were using 1.25″ conduit for most of our runs.  Rigid conduit of that dimension is heavy and cannot be bent by hand.  Instead, a motorized pipe bender was the order of the day - and it took some really skilled craftsman named Don and Josh to get our conduit in place and looking good.

It really is an art, as much as a science, and when done with care and precision, the result is quite appealing!

Pulling it Together

Our final ground-based task was to pull the conductors through the conduits.  Our longest pull was 245′ - not quite a football field, but close!  Moreover, that longest pull had multiple bends as we routed the conduit to make it as invisible from the ground as possible.  (To complete the task of making the conduit “disappear” to the greatest extent possible, the client painted the conduit to match the walls and the trim!)

At the end of a very long, drizzly Saturday, we were rewarded with having our conductors fully in place from the utility disconnect switch and performance meter socket:

utility disconnect and performance meter socket

… to our disconnect switch adjacent to the transformer:

transformer disconnect

Our penultimate installment will take you to the roof where the real action takes place.  So buckle in, the next chapter isn’t for the faint of heart!

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Jim Jenal is the Founder & CEO of Run on Sun, Pasadena's premier installer and integrator of top-of-the-line solar power installations.
Run on Sun also offers solar consulting services, working with consumers, utilities, and municipalities to help them make solar power affordable and reliable.

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